When torn between air fryers and microwaves, you’re weighing more than just appliances; you’re considering different cooking methods entirely. An air fryer harnesses convection cooking technology to circulate hot air around the food, achieving a crispy texture akin to deep frying without the excess oil. 

Whether you crave crunchy french fries or a healthier version of fried food, an air fryer’s basket is your ally, allowing for that deep fryer crunch without the guilt. On the other hand, microwaves excel at speed and convenience, especially when you need to reheat leftovers or heat liquids in minutes to cook.

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Choosing between deep frying and microwave cooking often depends on your culinary preferences. An air fryer might be your best bet if you prioritize convection cooking technology for that crispy texture. For those who value speed and the ability to heat a wide range of microwaved food items, a microwave could be the more practical choice.

A Detailed Overview of an Air Fryer

air fryer vs microwave

An air fryer is a modern kitchen gadget that aims to mimic the results of deep frying with significantly less oil. This appliance has a powerful heating element and a fan that rapidly distributes hot air to cook the food. This technology makes food cook evenly and gain a desirable crispy texture. With its compact size and ability to cook food quickly, an air fryer is more than just a trendy device—it’s a testament to innovation in healthy cooking.


The defining features of an air fryer include a removable basket that allows for easy loading and unloading of food items. Most models are equipped with adjustable temperature controls and timers, allowing you to fine-tune the cooking process to your preference. The heating elements in air fryers are typically situated at the top, paired with a large fan to circulate the hot air, ensuring that food cooks evenly and rapidly.

For effortless cleaning, many air fryers come with additional features such as preset cooking modes, digital displays, and non-stick surfaces. The compact design makes it a convenient option for smaller kitchens, while some larger models can accommodate more substantial portions, making them suitable for family meals. Additionally, the air fryer’s components are often dishwasher-safe, adding to the ease of maintenance.


  • Healthier cooking option with less oil needed
  • Creates a crispy texture that mimics deep-frying
  • Quick cooking times compared to a regular oven
  • Easy to clean with removable and non-stick parts
  • Energy efficient, using less electricity than an oven


  • Not as versatile as a microwave for all types of cooking
  • Preheating time can add to the overall cooking duration

A Detailed Overview of a Microwave

air fryer vs microwave

Microwaves have been a kitchen staple for decades, offering a quick and convenient way to cook and reheat food. Microwaves use electromagnetic waves to excite the molecules in the food, causing them to vibrate and generate heat internally. This method allows for rapid food heating, making it a go-to appliance for those with busy lifestyles. Whether warming up leftovers or popping popcorn, a microwave does the job efficiently.


Microwave ovens are equipped with various features to simplify the cooking process. They often include a digital timer and clock, quick-touch settings for common tasks like defrosting or reheating, and safety locks for households with children. Many models also offer sensor cooking, which automatically adjusts the cooking time and power level based on the moisture content of the food.

In terms of design, microwaves may have a stainless steel exterior for durability and ease of cleaning. The interior often features a removable turntable and, in some cases, a rack to increase cooking capacity. The door typically has a transparent window, allowing you to monitor the progress of your food without interrupting the cooking cycle.


  • Quick reheating and defrosting capabilities
  • User-friendly with straightforward controls and settings
  • Efficient energy usage, particularly in models with lower wattage
  • Compact size suitable for small kitchens or dorm rooms
  • Generally lower initial cost compared to other kitchen appliances


  • Some models can have uneven heating or hot spots.
  • Not suitable for all cooking methods, such as baking or roasting

Similarities Between an Air Fryer and a Microwave

Air fryers and microwaves share several similarities. Knowing them is essential for easy usage.

  • Design 

Both appliances are designed to fit on your countertop and offer convenient, quick cooking options. They can reheat food efficiently, saving you time in a rush. Additionally, air fryers and microwaves are relatively easy to operate, with user-friendly interfaces and pre-set cooking programs.

  • Purpose 

Both appliances can also be considered a healthier alternative to frying with oil or cooking with a traditional oven. They reduce the need for additional fats in cooking, contributing to a healthier lifestyle. When it comes to cleaning, air fryers, and microwaves are designed with removable parts that can be easily washed, making the post-cooking cleanup less of a chore.

  • Technology 

In terms of technology, both employ a form of rapid heating to cook foods. While microwaves use electromagnetic radiation, air fryers use a heating element and fan to circulate hot air. This means that, although the mechanisms differ, they both achieve the goal of cooking food faster than a toaster oven or conventional oven would.

Differences Between an Air Fryer and a Microwave

While there are similarities, the differences between an air fryer and a microwave are significant, particularly regarding cooking foods. 

  • Usage 

Air fryers are designed to crisp foods, offering a texture and taste closer to conventional ovens or deep fryers. Microwaves, however, are better suited for quickly reheating food or cooking items that do not require a crispy exterior.

  • Capacity 

The capacity of these appliances also differs; air fryers generally have a limited capacity, making them less ideal for large families or those interested in batch cooking. Microwaves typically have a larger cooking capacity, accommodating bigger food items and serving sizes. Additionally, while microwaves can warm up food in a matter of minutes, air fryers may take up to 20 minutes or more to cook food thoroughly.

  • Health Benefits

From a health perspective, air fryers promote healthier cooking by reducing the amount of oil in the cooking process. Microwaves do not typically involve oil, but they may not offer the same health benefits as the hot air circulation in an air fryer, which can reduce overall calorie intake. 

Moreover, air fryers on the market today come with various features that allow for more than just frying; they can bake, roast, and grill, providing more versatility than most microwave ovens.


Choosing between an air fryer appliance and an average microwave will ultimately depend on your cooking preferences, countertop space, and dietary goals. If you’re looking for a healthier way to cook or desire that air fry function in your meals, an air fryer might be the way to go. However, a microwave remains a steadfast choice for quick and efficient meal prep.

Ultimately, whether you opt for the crunchy textures achievable with air frying or the rapid convenience of microwave cooking, consider your lifestyle, space, and culinary needs to make the best choice for your kitchen.


Eliza is a culinary maven with an undeniable passion for the art of cooking and a deep understanding of all things kitchen-related. She is a renowned kitchen expert and a source of inspiration for aspiring chefs around the world. With years of hands-on experience and a knack for creating delectable masterpieces, she has established herself as a leading authority in the culinary industry.

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